Fishing Clothing should fit the weather conditions and time of year. Particular attention should be paid to the shoes. Well, if it is strong, waterproof, and if possible with the sole, which is able to prevent from slipping on wet or damp coastal soil for oslizlym stones. Legs in rubber boots inevitably sweat and supercooled. Therefore it is best to wear soft-knitted woolen socks rough.
A must in fishing gear is the durable roomy, with comfortable straps and external pockets backpack. It is intended for reliable carrying fishing equipment and fish. The ability to accommodate a backpack bag for tools and utensils to store fish significantly increases its practical value. It is desirable to provide a backpack waterproof gasket.
In addition, the overall fishing gear, a good athlete includes taiga knife (preferably fixed blade) and small forceps, which can bite unsuccessfully sitting hook. We should not forget about the individual health package in the event of injury.
Common guns fishing include: rod, reel, fishing line and hook, as well as a small butterfly net or gaff to lift big fish.
There are float, spinning and fly-fishing (fly fishing). They differ execution (length and strength) and different properties. in reed beds for fishing requires a long (and often very long) rod, but when fishing from a boat, it is not necessary. When choosing a rod, you must consider the type of fish, its size and the possible ways vyvazhivaniya. It makes no sense, for example, to catch catfish rod light and small fish such as grayling, - heavy float.
The most commonly used types of fishing rods available in the following versions:
1) Full-bodied rod - a product of synthetic resins; made of fiberglass fibers. Very strong and durable at the fracture, but harder bamboo. Various modifications of this type. Basically it is a float and spinning rods. After some amplification can be used to catch the biggest fish.
2) The hollow rod. Compared with the full-bodied - significantly easier. Their use for manufacturing a material suitable for telescopic rods whose length is six meters and more. These portable rods are suitable to transport and suitable for all types of fishing. Extremely diverse modifications: from ultra-light to superheavy mormyshechnyh twigs rods for catfish.
3) The components of the rod . For a long time we considered the best. In most cases consist of two knees. Highly. The end of their more fragile than that of the hollow rod. Of all the rods for fly-fishing are the most expensive. Currently available combined version: full-bodied with a hollow rod tip.
4) Uglerodovoloknistye rod . For them the future of sport fishing, and is also widely used by modern anglers. Sold at an affordable price. Material for the manufacture of approximately 5 times more rigid fiberglass. Tensile strength is 10 times higher than steel. It has a small mass.
Story spinning rod
Buy a standard float rod is not difficult. But choose spinning or fly rod is not as easy as it seems. The novice angler, we advise to buy a light or heavy, hollow or composite rod according overlooking angling. In buying the right rod will help you experienced anglers or sales consultants in the store.
Which rod is better: a two- or threefold? If the angler gets to a place of fishing for cars, it is better to have a two-piece rod, if some other - three-element. For fishing from a boat is better to buy a one-element rod, as the extra length will only interfere with normal angling. For fly fishing in the sea, where it is expected a large and super-large fish, fishermen used special reinforced rods. The same can be said about the fishing harbors and large lakes. telescopic rod perfect for traveling with a backpack.
To store the rod using strong and bright covers. The latter will help to find a lost fishing rod on the shore. When you move the rod in assembled form (for example, to the other side, in another place) keep it tip backward. In this position you will be less likely to accidentally break it.
The structure of fast-response coil 1 - Doug lesoukladyvatelya; 2 - Rod; 3 - Fixing to the rod; 4 - Handle; 5 - Bracket; 6 - Lock: winding or winding and unwinding the fishing line; 7 - The body of the coil; 8 - Drum and line (spool); 9 - Adjusting the friction mechanism.
For purposes of different kinds and are required corresponding fishing reel. Gone are the days when fishermen treated rods without reels or use cheaper tin coils (by the way, these cheap reel turning into expensive, since the line was quickly wore out and it had to be changed frequently).
The novice angler enough to have cheap inertialess coil with two interchangeable spools that allow the use of the fishing line, which is required in a particular situation on the water, and replace one of the lines to the other can be relatively quickly.
Offered in numerous models currently coils require anglers a lot of experience in casting the hook and playing a fish, that is, administered caught on the hook, the fish, which is trying to break away from it, free. On the other hand, these coils allow experienced fishermen to throw away the hook, which naturally increases the efficiency of fishing.
For successful vyvazhivaniya caught on a hook fish reel brake is set taking into account the limit of line strength. The measure of the optimal position of the brake coil must not be expected mass of the fish, and the strength of line used. The main fault of the coil - bending her arms or breaking rollers.
If fly-fishing is most often used special coil heaters made of artificial materials or light galvanized metals. In order to increase casting distance using extra hook the line, it goes from the reel at a quiet braking. Reel for fly-fishing in most cases, is set so that the crossing of the ring have minimum resistance at the gathering of line.
Automatic reels for fly-fishing draw the line when you press on the handle chassis. If necessary, and in case of excessive overload can happen when the failure, the failed spool is easy to replace.
We have already said that for fishing in the sea, which is found, as a rule, large fish need special gear. This also applies to the coils. They need to be ruggedized to withstand the fish, up to several quintals (tuna, shark, marlin, etc.).
All kinds of coils require specific care. During the fishing season is necessary to periodically lubricate the rotating parts of the machine oil. Once a year it is recommended to change the grease completely. Since the coils are sensitive to contamination, should not be put on the ground.
Strength as% of line depending on the host species
For anglers fishing line is important choice. Previously, she was not of high quality and with little maintenance its service life was not long. Now it is made of synthetic material.
Odnozhilkovaya monofilament has a high quality and when fishing is almost not exposed to weathering. However, from time to time, the line must be tested for durability. The synthetic scaffold is recommended to periodically wipe with a damp cloth. It will extend its service life.
To make the scaffold buoyancy (and this quality it should have) it is lubricated with special grease - silicone.
A disadvantage of synthetic scaffold is that it can be stretched with a smaller diameter. It is observed in both the super soft, and at superstiff woods (soft designed for fishing with artificial bait, hard - for throwing in the far distance). Fishing lines, easy to stretch or lose strength, it is better to throw away, as it can bring you during the catch.
Tying fishing line to a hook
Although synthetic scaffold and has high strength, is not recommended that you use too thin. We must always take the line with a certain margin of safety, to prevent its breakage during catching big fish. The diameter of the synthetic fishing line should not exceed 1/10 of the diameter of the tip of the rod. This rule, however, does not apply to uglerodovoloknistye rods. The novice angler can enjoy fishing line 0.25-0.30 mm. The light color of fishing line is not necessary, although it does not cause harm.
The cross section of the fishing line at the connection to the hook must not be too small. For any type of angling (including for fly-fishing) diameter fishing line to the place of 0.20 to 0.25 mm. It is possible to associate the line 3-4 of segments of different cross sections for a length of 40-50 cm. More reliable are bezuzelkovye cone leashes, which offers trading network.
There braided synthetic fishing lines (fly line), which by their superior strength odnozhilkovye and more acceptable to strong fish catch. They never come off with a fast-response open-reel spool (as opposed to a thin odnozhilkovym Lescaut).
For fly-fishing odnozhilkovye fishing line is not quite convenient. They are very light, the bait for this type of fishing (artificial fly) is also very easy. Total weight is insufficient for long-distance casting. Get out of the situation will help the fishing line attached to a small bottle of water.
Hooks: A - thin double; B - a thin tee; B - a strong tee for catching predatory fish; T - strong double; D - hook with anti-slipping worn bait; E - diluted hook; F - the most commonly used hooks of various shapes and sizes, with or without eye; W - hook, spatula; And - a hook ring.
Hook - a genuine instrument of the angler. He must be of good quality and well-sharpened. Forms and types of hooks depend on the type of fishing. They come in single, doubles and tees. Numbering begins with the sizes of hooks largest numbers (from 4/0 to 1/0 and from 1 to 18, the 18th number - is the number of the smallest hook).
In rare cases, using even smaller hooks. They are made of solid steel with different hardening - from elastic to hard-brittle. Twins and tees, as opposed to single hooks have rings. Head single hooks may be executed in the form of flattened spatula. They are called hooks, spatulas. Anglers not mastered the technique of tying a hook, it is not necessary to acquire the hook without ear-hook or spatula, and if you do buy, be sure to fully assembled, ie together with fishing line.
Hooks are divided into:
hooks short and long forearm;
stinger hooks facing inward toward tsevyu (inner curve);
hooks, the curvature of the tip of which is directed against the forearm outward (outward curve).
There are hooks, whose tip has a beard, and there bezborodochnye. In addition, there are special hooks with a beard in the forearm. This so-called hooks for carp.
From the variety of these are hooks angler has to choose one suitable for his type of fishing and the expected fish. Fishhook should never be less than the amount required in a particular situation. In addition, krchok must comply with fishing line and rod.
The ratio is constructed as follows: a small hook - a thin fishing line - a soft rod; large hook - a strong fishing line - a rigid rod. When choosing a hook, use the following table:
|Type of fish||hook number|
|Pike, salmon, catfish||4 / 0-2 (16-8)|
|Trout, pike, eel||1 / 0-7 (10-6)|
|Carp, tench, chub||1-4 (8-6)|
|Podust and roach||10-15 (6-4)|
For angling angler fish vyvazhivanii takes usually hook 1-2 rooms less than usual.
Fisherman engaged in angling float, may itself choose the right hook. Spinning and fly-fishing lovers should pay attention to the quality of the material from which the hook is made. Particularly noteworthy are the distance from the forearm to the tip (width of the hook) and the severity of the latter. It is recommended to adjust the width of the hook using pliers. Adjustment depends on the bait. Before use, check the sharpness of the tip of the hook, sharpen it if necessary.
If you got hooked fish, the size of which is smaller than permitted for angling, it should be immediately removed from the hook and gently release back into the water. Note: release, and not to give up! If the fish is wounded and bleeding, so that there is no chance of her survival, let this fish does not make sense. In such cases, you have to cut the fish into small pieces and thrown into the water as other fish feeding.
Sometimes used net and hook for catching. Both of these devices are screwed onto the holder or manufactured or assembled with telescopic holder, that in both cases provides additional convenience for their transportation. Synthetic coarse mesh skimmer should be large enough to be able to raise a big fish.
Wearing a net should be assembled by attaching it to a backpack. The fact that the assembly of foldable skimmer vyvazhivaniya directly in the process has some drawbacks. So long unraveling a net grid cells can lead to the loss of fish.
It is important to use the right hook. Betray hit him in the middle part of the fish's body behind the dorsal fin on the tail fin throws a loop, and then pull the fish out of the water. The caught fish must be put to sleep. To this end, the angler needs to know the location of the fish brain, or more precisely - the front part of the brain. It is located at the upper edge of the operculum, and not over the eyes.
Jammed fish tin sinker on the anterior regions of the brain. Then stabbed with a knife raised through the gill cover to the area of the brain or to make a puncture in the heart, located in the abdomen at the level of the appendages of the gill cover. When dealing with predatory fish such as perch and pike, you should protect yourself from injury sharp spine located in the gill cover. To do this, use a towel, which is necessary for wiping hands.
Tin load for killing the fish you can make yourself. The cardboard sleeve with a diameter of 2 cm is inserted into a holder metal pin (5-7 cm) and pour the molten tin. After cooling, tin cardboard sleeve is removed.
Having lulled predatory fish, with a special expander (zevnika) opens her mouth. For this zevnik compressed curved edge squander it in the fall and released. Then take out the hook. In large fish this operation doing a special tool. Retrieve the hook from the mouth of the fish is very careful not to injure your fingers and do not enter into the wound infection.
medium size fish (trout, grayling) sacrificed stroke lead ingots on the front of the brain and placed in a special basket for storage. Each fish draped butterbur leaves, which grows along the banks of ponds or wet towel. On hot days, in any case should not be to keep fish caught in the plastic bags, as they are very fast process of decomposition begins.
Fisherman engaged in angling float, in contrast to the spinning and fly fishing on moves along the shore are relatively few. Therefore, it can store the fish in the water in a special butterfly net. By the way, the fish, having been in such a net, short-lived, and let her go back not worth it. Small fish for bait is placed in a special plastic cage. Pre necessary to replace the water therein.
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